Arezzo is a very ancient town, even older than Alexandria in Egypt. It was one of the major Etruscan centers and later it became a Roman strategic town. It was the center of flourishing economic activities and rich in valuable monuments, like the Amphitheater with its remarkable remains.
In the Middle Ages, Arezzo was a free commune where the interests of the “Ghibellini” often prevailed, in antagonism with the near Florence. After a number of events, it ended up succumbing and became a Florentine dominion (1384). As such, it became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany with the rest of Tuscany.
Good to know: Piazza Grande, the penultimate Saturday in June and the first Sunday in September, hosts the Giostra del Saracino, a medieval knightly tournament. The same square and a large part of the historical center hosts an ancient fair every first week-end of the month. Bargaining the price is a very fine art for the Aretine traders. It is interesting to get along. Do not miss the Chianina cows, huge beasts with a typical white / black coat, in the countryside around the town.